The Indian Government ordered local internet service providers to begin blocking a list of 857 adult websites that purportedly hosted or linked illegal adult material as well as otherwise legal porn. The broad blocking order went further than targeting dedicated porn sites alone though. Many websites that should not have been a part of the blacklist block were. Including torrent sites like kickass.to & h33t.to were listed, as well as 9Gag, Liveleak and CollegeHumor.
In July 2015, millions of Indian Internet users starting to notice that favorite sites werent accessible. On a Friday, the Government ordered local ISP’s to filter content access to a the blacklist of 857 websites, including many of the top adult sites.
“Your requested URL has been blocked as per the directions received from Department of Telecommunications, Government of India,” was the warning banner users got to see instead of the pages they intended to visit.
The move has sparked outrage among the public, who condemn the Government for censoring the Internet without proper cause. According to the court order the sites are being blocked because they threaten the morality and decency of Indians, which a local official has now confirmed.
“Free and open access to porn websites has been brought under check. We don’t want them to become a social nuisance,” a spokesman at the Department of Telecommunications told Reuters.
The Government order is quite broad, and not just because of the high number of domain names involved. A leaked copy which list all of the affected domains reveals some unsuspected entries.
For example, the list contains two of the largest torrent sites, Kickass.to and H33t.to. The first is now operating under the new Kat.cr domain name and the latter site is down, so the effects of the blockade are minimal.
While blocking these torrent sites may be justified as both sites do link to pornographic content, the same can’t really be said for CollegeHumor and 9Gag, which are also on the blacklist.
The same goes for Liveleak, which has plenty of ‘immoral’ videos but isn’t really known for its vast amounts of porn. Finally, the list also includes nonvegjokes.com, a site specializing in dirty jokes.
The blocking order was issued under Rule 12 of the local Information Technology Rules, which allows the Government to block access to sites that are deemed to violate the integrity or security of India.
The Government still has to justify its blocking request before the end of the month. If those arguments prove insufficient, the court order may be overturned again. In the meantime, the interest in circumvention tools such as VPN services and proxy sites is expected to skyrocket.
Update August 5: The porn block has been lifted already. But the blacklist was leaked, see below for a link to download the pdf.
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